The revised edition of Courage Rewarded was published on Friday, 18 October 2013 and is now available directly from me or from Amazon.com. It has many editing changes, with some topics condensed and others expanded. But the main reason for the edition was to include a full chapter on the missions in Afghanistan, thereby completing the record of courage in battle as experienced by Canadian soldiers in all the wars from South Africa in 1900. The chapter presents as much as possible of the Afghan missions in 35 pages but I think it satisfactorily encapsulates the whole story .
This revised edition should have come out over a year earlier. Unfortunately, it was held up as DND delayed announcing the final awards until the end of 2012, which seemed to me to be an extraordinarily long time following the end of the combat mission in July 2011. At the same time,, I must thank the Directorate of Honours and Recognition who assisted me without hesitation by providing the citations, statistics and answering questions regarding the Military Valour Decorations for Afghanistan. I also want to thank those soldiers who agreed to be interviewed by me to make sure I had the right picture of the challenges faced by them when under fire.
For an exceprt from the book about awards of Military Valour Decorations, please go to http://www.couragerewarded.com/afghan_awards.html
The combat mission is now fading away in the news and in many peoples' memories, but I hope the book satisfies those who have only had a limited number of books or newspaper articles to help them understand what happened over there. Of course, I could only use open source references since the war diaries will be off limits for years to come. As the full story comes out in coming years, the picture will no doubt change as to whether we made a difference there or wjhether we opposed the insurgency as well as we could have. There is no doubt we did the best we could under the circumstances, and that Canadians had no hesitation in volunteering to serve. But until then, I offer the narrative in my book to those who are intereseted.
On the Night Defence of Ma’sum Ghar, 19 August 2006.
Selected quotes from the book In their Own Words :
Major Mike Reekie and his LAV had been deployed by Major Michael Wright to cover the rear of 3 Platoon, Alpha Company, 1 RCR, which was holding the high ground and northern slopes of Ma’sum Ghar. Suddenly, Reekie and his crew realized that they were being attacked by infiltrating Taliban fighters coming from what they thought was the rear.
"Sergeant Holley was my 2IC and the company weapons commander. We were taking turns firing the chain gun on the LAV with the other guy up with the NVG on and firing the pintle-mounted machine gun. So that way we directed the main armament down the road engaging the targets that Corporal Chevrefils was observing. They were advancing in section strength. We would switch one-up and one-down because you can only look at the thermal site (sic) in the LAV for about half an hour before our eyes start to get a bit buggy. You need to take a break so that you don’t miss something. The two of us were working as one in the turret of the vehicle. In the back of the vehicle I had my other three soldiers – Corporal Nigel Gregg, Private Timmy Wilkins and Corporal Will Elliott. Private Wilkins had a general purpose machine gun on the left sentry hatching engaging an enemy fire base about 75 metres to our left off the road…. Corporal Gregg and Corporal Elliott were on the right side with their C7s engaging guys as they swept around the mountain and into the compounds trying to flank us on that side. So they were picking guys off on that part. Cohesion was the key. Everybody was working together…. It was a good tight team. "
(In Their Own Words: Canadian Stories of Valour and Bravery from Afghanistan, 2001-2009. Canadian Defence Academy Press, Kingston, 2013. Page 177)
On the Reasons for Valour Awards in Afghanistan
Selected quotes from the book In Their Own Words.
Sergeant Tower received his decoration for his actions at the White School on 3 August 2006.
"When someone goes down, the next guy takes over. I feel that if I could I’d give a medal to every guy in my platoon that day….Everyone one of them did an amazing job that day and they all own a piece of that medal. They all contributed. I don’t’ see it so much as a medal for me as for all of 9 Platoon.
"A lot of people congratulate you on a medal. But for anyone to get awarded any sort of decoration, something really bad has to happen. If everything is going good, no one is getting a medal. When you read any of these citations, things were pretty much not going as planned. It’s always something going bad."
(In Their Own Words: Canadian Stories of Valour and Bravery from Afghanistan, 2001-2009. Canadian Defence Academy Press, Kingston, 2013. Page 155.)
A new e-book tells personal stories of men awarded decorations for bravery & military valour.
In Their Own Words: Canadian Stories of Valour and Bravery from Afghanistan 2001-2007 is a 419-page book in which 23 decorated Canadian soldiers recount their experiences in Afghanistan during those years. It’s the most personal and revealing account of what our soldiers went through in that period yet published. It was put together by a team from the Canadian Forces Leadership Institute that travelled across the country to meet these men and record their stories. For some of these men, it may have been difficult to bring back these memories, but I’m glad they did because we need to have books like this to let the Canadian public know what our soldiers did over there, especially in their own words and not through journalists or public affairs officers. I say bravo to them all. The e-book I received is an advanced copy and I am patiently waiting for the hard copy version.
From the Canadian Defence Academy Press, 2013.
It took me some time, but I've finally got the final numbers right for awards of Decorations for Military Valour (MVDs) as a result of the Afghan combat mission. Thanks to the great cooperation of Major Carl Gauthier of the Directorate of Honours and Recognition in DND, the figures in my data base reconcile with his totals. So now I can proceed to complete the new chapter on Afghanistan for the revised edition of my book Courage Rewarded.
So, for the entire period of Operations Opollo and Athena from January 2001 to July 2011, the numbers of awards to Canadian Forces personnel, from the army, air force and navy, were the following –
These awards were the first to be made since the new Canadian Honours System was instituted because they can only be made for actions in the face of enemy fire. Unfortunately, during peacekeeping operations, there was no declared “enemy” so, in Bosnia, when Canadian soldiers came under fire from hostile local forces and risked their lives to keep the opposing sides apart, no MVDs could be awarded. Courageous acts were thankfully recognized by other awards such as the Meritorious Service Cross or Medal of Bravery, and the recipients should be equally proud of that recognition.
The publicly-available citations for the MVDs can all be found in the annual reports from the Directorate of Honours and Awards. While the descriptions are brief, they give a fascinating glimpse into the intensity of combat that our men and women faced in Afghanistan.
It’s interesting to note that the journalist Murray Brewster has questioned the absence of the Canadian Victoria Cross being awarded amongst the decorations announced ( http://bit.ly/Xx4zml ). He muses that the reason may have been political; or perhaps just the usual reluctance of higher commanders to view acts of courage by most soldiers as being other than just doing their expected duty. It is an interesting and worthy question by a journalist who spent many months in the combat zone. He is correct that often such reasons have influenced awards in the past.
But I think the reason for not having any Victoria Cross announcement is more that the standard for the Victoria Cross is extraordinarily high; and reference cannot be made to similar awards in past wars when the standard was not as stringent. Many of the awards of the Star of Military Valour are impressive; but many Mentions in Despatches are also impressive, at that third level of honour. It seems like the standard for all levels has ratcheted up with each generation as the intensity of combat has changed. Perhaps it is best that we do not have a Victoria Cross winner because many of those were made posthumously.
The combat mission against insurgents in Afghanistan was strange and unique. From all accounts the awards made were appropriate and deserved.
T. Robert Fowler, author, Canadian military history